What Diseases do Internal Medicine Doctors Treat?

What Diseases do Internal Medicine Doctors Treat?

internal medicine doctors

Internists, sometimes known as general internists, are internal medicine specialists. Since internal medicine includes diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of conditions, internists are often referred to as internists.

General internists are the only doctors who can provide primary care and follow patients throughout their lifetime. Some internists serve as hospitalists, providing primary care in hospitals; others only provide care to outpatients. General internists may also work in long-term care institutions and rehabilitation institutes.

General internists are specialized in training certain disorders of the body. Few of the conditions that internists treat are:

Fever Management

As a result of a fever, the body temperature rises above the normal level. It’s also known as fever, hyperthermia, or pyrexia, and it is usually a sign that your body is trying to protect you from illness. Everyone’s normal body temperature varies, although it usually falls between 97 and 99 degrees Fahrenheit.

The hypothalamus is a region of your brain that regulates your body temperature. The hypothalamus may raise the body’s temperature in reaction to an infection, illness, or other factors. When you get a fever, it’s a symptom that something is wrong with your body. Usually, fever is not dangerous, reach out to a Top General Medicine Specialist In Coimbatore in case:

  • The temperature of an adult is 103 degrees Fahrenheit or greater.
  • A rectal temperature of 100.4 or greater is present in a very young infant (under 3 months) (call your doctor or go to an emergency room immediately)
  • A 3-6-month-rectal old’s temperature is greater than normal, and he or she is fussy or sleepy (call your doctor right away)
  • A rectal fever of 102 or greater is present in a 3-6-month-old child.
  • A child aged 6 to 24 months develops a fever of more than 102 degrees Fahrenheit for more than a day, or has other symptoms such as a cough or diarrhea.
  • A fever in a child above the age of two is accompanied by a rash, severe discomfort, irritability, restlessness, headache, stiff neck, or frequent diarrhea or vomiting.
  • A seizure occurs in an infant or youngster.
  • A child’s temperature should not exceed 104 degrees Fahrenheit, as this can precipitate a seizure.
  • Any fever that develops after being exposed to high temperatures, which could indicate heat stroke.

Symptoms of Fever Include: 

Fever may be the indication of an underlying infection or any other health condition.

  • Shivers and chills
  • Sweating
  • Headache
  • Constant fatigue
  • Irritable feeling
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dehydration

Sepsis Management

Sepsis occurs when the immune system attacks the body’s own tissues in response to an infection. Organs work poorly and incorrectly when the body’s infection-fighting mechanisms kick in.

Septic shock can develop from sepsis. This is an abrupt drop in blood pressure that can harm organs and possibly cause death.

Signs of Sepsis

  • Alteration in mental state
  • Systolic blood pressure is less than or equal to 100 millimeters of mercury, which is the first number in a blood pressure reading (mm Hg)
  • a breathing rate of more than or equal to 22 breaths per minute

Signs of Septic Shock: 

There are major changes to the way cells work and produce energy in septic shock due to a dramatic drop in blood pressure. When the situation advances to septic shock, the chance of death increases.

Visit the Hospital When:

Sepsis is most commonly found in hospitalized or recently hospitalized patients. Infections are more likely to develop in patients in intensive care units, which can lead to sepsis. Sepsis, on the other hand, can be caused by any infection. Consult a sepsis treatment hospital if you have an infection or a wound that isn’t healing. Confusion or rapid breathing are indicators or symptoms that require medical attention right once.


Hypertension (high blood pressure) is a common condition in which the blood’s long-term push against the artery walls is high enough to cause health issues such as heart disease.

The amount of blood your heart pumps, as well as the resistance to blood flow in your arteries, determine your blood pressure. The greater your blood pressure is, the more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries become. In millimeters of mercury, blood pressure is measured (mm Hg). It has two digits.

Signs of Hypertension:

Even when their blood pressure readings are dangerously high, most persons with high blood pressure show no signs or symptoms.

High blood pressure can cause headaches, shortness of breath, and nosebleeds, but these symptoms aren’t specific and usually don’t occur until the condition has progressed to a severe or life-threatening stage.

Causes of Hypertension: 

Primary Hypertension:

In most people, there is no recognized reason for high blood pressure. Primary hypertension (essential hypertension) is a type of high blood pressure that develops over time.

Secondary Hypertension: 

An underlying ailment can produce high blood pressure in some persons. Secondary hypertension is a type of high blood pressure that appears suddenly and causes higher blood pressure than initial hypertension. Secondary hypertension can be caused by a variety of illnesses and drugs, including:

  • Kidney disease
  • Adrenal gland tumor
  • Thyroid trouble
  • Congenital defects

Visiting the Hospital:

A routine doctor’s visit will almost probably include taking your blood pressure. Starting at the age of 18, ask the best doctors in Coimbatore for a blood pressure reading at least every two years. You should have your blood pressure checked once a year if you are 40 or older or if you have a high risk of high blood pressure.


Pyrexia is often accompanied by additional symptoms such as fatigue, headaches, coughing, and a cold. Over-the-counter drugs can help with a minor increase in body temperature. A rapid and larger increase in body temperature outside of the normal range should be treated professionally because it could indicate the presence of serious conditions such as brain hemorrhage or cancer.

Apart from these the general medicine doctor even deals with fever and various other health conditions. You can reach out in case you are facing discomfort for safe health. In addition to surgical care, general practitioners provide nonsurgical health care. Multispeciality hospitals in Coimbatore offer the best treatment at affordable prices for patients suffering from unusual ailments.